Hepatitis C Epidemic
History of Blood
& Byproduct Management
Table of Contents Includes:
What you will learn...
Hepatitis C epidemic is discovering what was.
reports that in
1988, 242,000 Hepatitis C infections
were reported annually. However,
Military infection rates, as any
federal institutions, are not
defined in this data. These high
figures were reported in the 1950's
and 60's, among military. High
infection rates continued until
effective solvents were discovered
that rid HCV virus from
heating or washing of blood
products and discontinuing the use
of jetgun injections during mass vaccination, reused needles and
vials; the annual number of new
infections began to declined...
HCV epidemic began out of the
military need to address hepatitis during WWII; after an outbreak
among troops that received experimental yellow fever vaccinations.
Researchers discovered in 1977, that stored blood from
infected soldiers were HCV positive as well, and labeled the new
disease non-a non-b.
The hepatitis C epidemic
has occurred because of the conditions that existed during the Cold War,
Korean and Vietnam era's for processing blood, blood products and vaccines. Lack
of ability to sterilize surfaces and devices widened the scope of disease
transmission. The blood and blood based product development processes were
not guided by the strict standards in place today.
The military personnel shared toothbrushes, manicure items, razors and
rags. They had
surgery, dental or medial, and received injections with
reusable needles and/or syringes. All had finger sticks with reused lancets by technicians that
did not wear gloves. Most were vaccinated by jet injection and
many injected with reused bifurcated (two-pronged) needle that is dipped into the
small pox vaccine
solution, a blood based product.